Bladder Cancer begins when cells in the lining of the bladder (urothelium) become abnormal.
This causes the cells to grow and divide out of control. As the cancer grows it may start to spread into the deeper layers of the bladder wall.
Bladder Cancer is a serious condition but it can often be treated with minimally invasive treatments such as transurethral resection (TURBT) and intravesical therapy.
When bladder cancer has advanced into the muscle layer of the bladder or if superficial cancer fails to respond to more conservative measures a Radical Cystectomy may be required or radiotherapy.